Hyperthermic antiblastic perfusion (HAP) has been proven to be an effective treatment of loco-regional spreading limb melanoma. The mean complete response (CR) rate obtained is 54%, with an objective responses (OR) rate ranging between 70% and 100%. Recently, Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNFα) has been employed at high dosages (3-4 mg) in association to Melphalan and hyperthermia. This trimodality combination increased the percentage of CR (70%-90%), but systemic toxicity was also reported due to high TNF doses. A phase I-II study was undertaken in order to assess the MTD of TNFα in association to true hyperthermia (41.5°C) and Melphalan. Twenty patients affected with stages IIIA (9 patients), IIIAB (10 patients), and IV (1 patient) were enrolled in this study. The trimodality treatment did not increase the local and systemic toxicity. CR was observed in 70% of the patients, PR in 20% with on OR rate of 90%. These figures are overlapping those obtained with high TNF dosages. No correlation was observed between tumor responses and TNF doses. Taking into account that 70% of our patients have been treated with TNF dosages between 0.5 mg on 1.6 mg, we conclude that 1 mg is the best dosage to be applied during HAP. Patients with bulky tumor are the best candidate to TNF perfusion, because no differences have been observed in terms of CR in patients with low tumor burden treated with TNF-Melphalan-hyperthermia or Melphalan-hyperthermia.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research|
|Issue number||4 SUPPL.|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2003|
- Limb melanoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research