Hyperthermic intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy with cisplatin and doxorubicin in patients who undergo cytoreductive surgery for peritoneal carcinomatosis and sarcomatosis: Phase I study

Carlo R. Rossi, Mirto Foletto, Simone Mocellin, Pierluigi Pilati, Michele De Simone, Marcello Deraco, Francesco Cavaliere, Pietro Palatini, Fabiola Guasti, Romano Scalerta, Mario Lise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal intraoperative chemotherapy (HIIC) combined with cytoreductive surgery (CS) has been proposed as a new multimodal treatment mainly for carcinomatosis of gastrointestinal origin. To evaluate whether this regimen could be used for other tumor types, the authors conducted a Phase I study on HIIC with doxorubicin and cisplatin in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis or sarcomatosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS. Thirty-one patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis or sarcomatosis (PCS) were enrolled for the study. After completion of CS, HIIC was administered with drug doses that were increased for each consecutive cohort following a three-patient cohort scheme. Thereafter, the accrual was stopped when Grade 4 locoregional or systemic toxicity was observed. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was considered the dose in the previous triplet. Drug pharmacokinetics and procedure costs also were analyzed. RESULTS. After CS, residual tumors were not present or measured less than or equal to 3 mm (in dimension) in all cases. Maximum tolerated dose was 15.25 and 43.00 mg L-1 for doxorubicin and cisplatin, respectively. The perfusate/plasma area under the curve ratios were favorable for both drugs, at 162 ± 113 and 20.6 ±6.0, respectively, for doxorubicin and cisplatin. Doxorubicin levels in the peritoneum were higher than in tumor or normal tissue samples. There were no postoperative deaths. Surgery-related complications were observed in 25% of cases. Findings at cost analysis showed that the length of stay in the operation room and intensive care unit were the major cost drivers. CONCLUSIONS. Cytoreductive surgery combined with HIIC is an expensive but feasible therapeutic approach for locally advanced abdominal tumors. Because our preliminary findings for local disease control are encouraging, a Phase II study is now advisable to verify the activity of this promising treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-499
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume94
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2002

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • Cytoreductive surgery
  • Doxorubicin
  • Hyperthermia
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • Peritoneal sarcomatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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