BACKGROUND: Patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric carcinoma have a dismal prognosis. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal intraoperative chemotherapy (HIIC) has been proposed to treat residual disease after cytoreductive surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 1998 through July 2002, 13 patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer underwent complete cytoreductive surgery followed by HIIC. Chemo-hyperthermia was performed using mitomicin C (3.3 mg/m2) and cisplatin (25 mg m2) for 90 minutes, at a mean intraperitoneal temperature of 41.7 degrees C. RESULTS: No postoperative death was observed. Moderate locoregional toxicity (ileus) was observed in eight cases (42%), while two patients (10%) experienced mild systemic toxicity (myelosuppression or fever). Postoperative complication rate was 26% (pleural effusion, n = 4; septicemia = 1). Median overall survival was 15 months, and the median local progression free survival was 10 months. CONCLUSIONS: Cytoreductive surgery followed by HIIC resulted a feasible procedure, the overall morbidity rate being acceptable. Although the study was conducted in a subset of patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer (resectable disease), survival results are encouraging.
|Title of host publication||I supplementi di Tumori : official journal of Società italiana di cancerologia ... [et al.]|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|