Two brothers, 25 and 19 years old, were affected by asymmetrical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The older brother had waddling gait and weakness of the proximal girdle muscles, while the younger had a broad-based gait and weakness of selected limb girdle muscles. EMG exam was myopathic. Serum enzyme, CPK and aldolase were elevated. Histochemical reactions in muscle revealed 'core-like' areas, subsarcolemmal rims of mitochondria and lipid accumulation. Succinate-dehydrogenase stain showed a lack of activity in both biopsies, with the exception of intrafusal fibers. Microphotometric quantitative measurements confirmed the defect in both biopsies. Biochemical measurements of several mitochondrial enzymes in muscle showed a reduced activity of succinate-dehydrogenase (33%) and succinate-cytochrome C reductase (36-47%) which are both components of complex II. On myocardial biopsy lipid and mitochondrial abnormalities were found. This mitochondriopathy represents a new phenotype of partial complex II defect.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Japanese Heart Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
- Complex II
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine