Hypo-fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy alone using volumetric modulated arc therapy for patients with single, large brain metastases unsuitable for surgical resection

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Abstract

Background: Hypo-fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HSRT) is emerging as a valid treatment option for patients with single, large brain metastases (BMs). We analyzed a set of our patients treated with HSRT. The aim of this study was to evaluate local control (LC), brain distant progression (BDP), toxicity and overall survival (OS). Methods: From July 2011 to May 2015, 102 patients underwent HSRT consisting of 27Gy/3fractions for lesions 2.1-3 cm and 32Gy/4 fractions for lesions 3.1-5 cm. Local progression was defined as increase of the enhancing abnormality on MRI, and distant progression as new brain metastases outside the irradiated volume. Toxicity in terms of radio-necrosis was assessed using contrast enhanced T1MRI, T2 weighted-MRI and perfusion- MRI. Result: The median maximum diameter of BM was 2.9 cm (range 2.1-5 cm), the median gross target volume (GTV) was 16.3 cm3 and the median planning target volume (PTV) was 33.7 cm3 The median,1,2-year local control rate was 30 months, 96, 96 %; the median, 1-2-year rate of BDP was 24 months, 12, 24 %; the median,1,2-year OS was 14 months, 69, 33 %. KPS and controlled extracranial disease were associated with significant survival benefit (p

Original languageEnglish
Article number76
JournalRadiation Oncology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2 2016

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Keywords

  • Brain metastases
  • HSRT
  • RapidArc
  • Volumetric modulated arc therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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