Hypomimia in Parkinson's disease: an axial sign responsive to levodopa

L Ricciardi, A De Angelis, L Marsili, I Faiman, P Pradhan, E A Pereira, M J Edwards, F Morgante, M Bologna

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hypomimia is a prominent clinical feature in people with Parkinson's disease (PD), but it remains under-investigated. We aimed to examine the clinical correlates of hypomimia in PD and to determine whether this is a levodopa-responsive sign.

METHODS: We included 89 people with PD. Hypomimia was assessed from digital video recordings by movement disorder specialists. Clinical evaluation included use of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III (UPDRS-III), and assessment of motor and non-motor symptoms using standardized clinical scales. The relationships between hypomimia and other clinical data were analysed using Mann-Whitney U-tests and regression analysis.

RESULTS: Hypomimia occurred in up to 70% of patients with PD. Patients with hypomimia had worse UPDRS-III 'off-medication' scores, mainly driven by bradykinesia and rigidity subscores. Patients with hypomimia also had worse apathy than patients without hypomimia. Finally, we found that hypomimia was levodopa-responsive and its improvement mirrored the change by levodopa in axial motor symptoms.

CONCLUSION: Our study provides novel information regarding the clinical correlates of hypomimia in people with PD. A better understanding of hypomimia may be relevant for improving treatment and quality of life in PD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Neurology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jul 23 2020

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