Hypophosphatemia in course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Prevalence, mechanisms, and relationships with skeletal muscle phosphorus content

E. Fiaccadori, E. Coffrini, N. Ronda, A. Vezzani, G. Cacciani, C. Fracchia, C. Rampulla, A. Borghetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Serum phosphorus levels (Ps), dietary intake of phosphorus, and renal phosphate handling indexes were evaluated in 158 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of varying degrees of severity; moreover, skeletal muscle phosphorus content (Pm) was measured in muscle samples obtained by quadriceps femoris needle biopsy in 14 of the same patients. Hypophosphatemia (Ps ≤ 2.5 mg/dl) was found in 34 (21.5 percent) of 158 patients without differences between groups of COPD patients presenting increasing severity of respiratory illness. No relationship was found between serum levels and dietary intake of phosphorus; hypophosphatemia was associated with low renal phosphate threshold (TmPO4/GFR) values in 31 (91 percent) of 34 patients. The prevalence of hypophosphatemia was significantly higher among COPD patients taking one or more drugs commonly used in COPD and known as negatively influencing renal phosphate handling: xanthine derivatives, corticosteroids, loop diuretics, and β2-adrenergic bronchodilators. Short-term administration of therapeutic doses of these drugs in COPD patients previously not taking any drug reduced TmPO4/GFR values; phosphaturic effect of short-term theophylline administration on renal phosphate handling was additive to that of long-term assumption of the drug. Muscle phosphorus content was both reduced in COPD patients as compared with control subjects and significantly correlated to serum phosphorus levels and to TmPO4/GFR values. The present investigation revealed a high prevalence of hypophosphatemia among COPD patients as well as a defect in renal phosphate reabsorption secondary, at least in part, to pharmacologic therapy. Moreover, it also suggests that in COPD patients muscle phosphorus content is likely to be reduced in presence of hypophosphatemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-868
Number of pages12
JournalChest
Volume97
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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    Fiaccadori, E., Coffrini, E., Ronda, N., Vezzani, A., Cacciani, G., Fracchia, C., Rampulla, C., & Borghetti, A. (1990). Hypophosphatemia in course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Prevalence, mechanisms, and relationships with skeletal muscle phosphorus content. Chest, 97(4), 857-868.