Hypoxemia and arterial hypotension at the accident scene in head injury

Nino Stocchetti, Adriano Furlan, Franco Volta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To quantify the occurrence of arterial hypotension and arterial oxygen desaturation in a series of patients with head trauma rescued by helicopter. Design: Prospective, observational study. Materials and Methods: Arterial HbO2 was measured before tracheal intubation at the accident scene in 49 consecutive patients with head injuries. Arterial pressure was measured using a sphygmomanometer. Main Results: Mean arterial saturation was 81% (SD 24.24); mean arterial systolic pressure was 112 mm Hg (SD 37.25). Airway obstruction was detected in 22 cases. Twenty-seven patients showed an arterial saturation lower than 90% on the scene, and 12 had a systolic arterial pressure of less than 100 mm Hg. The outcome was significantly worse in cases of hypotension, desaturation, or both. Conclusions: Hypoxemia and shock are frequent findings on patients at the accident scene. Hypoxemia is more frequently detected and promptly corrected, while arterial hypotension is more difficult to control. Both insults may have a significant impact on outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)764-767
Number of pages4
JournalThe Journal of trauma
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1996

Keywords

  • Head injury
  • Hypotension
  • Hypoxemia
  • Ischemia
  • Secondary brain damage
  • Shock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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