Hypoxia-Inducible Factor α and Hif-prolyl Hydroxylase Characterization and Gene Expression in Short-Time Air-Exposed Mytilus galloprovincialis

Alessia Giannetto, Maria Maisano, Tiziana Cappello, Sabrina Oliva, Vincenzo Parrino, Antonino Natalotto, Giuseppe De Marco, Chiara Barberi, Orazio Romeo, Angela Mauceri, Salvatore Fasulo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aquatic organisms experience environmental hypoxia as a result of eutrophication and naturally occurring tidal cycles. Mytilus galloprovincialis, being an anoxic/hypoxic-tolerant bivalve, provides an excellent model to investigate the molecular mechanisms regulating oxygen sensing. Across the animal kingdom, inadequacy in oxygen supply is signalled predominantly by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF) and Hif-prolyl hydroxylases (PHD). In this study, hif-α 5′-end and partial phd mRNA sequences from M. galloprovincialis were obtained. Phylogenetic and molecular characterization of both HIF-α and PHD putative proteins showed shared key features with the respective orthologues from animals strongly suggesting their crucial involvement in the highly conserved oxygen sensing pathway. Both transcripts displayed a tissue-specific distribution with prominent expression in gills. Quantitative gene expression analysis of hif-α and phd mRNAs from gills of M. galloprovincialis demonstrated that both these key sensors are transcriptionally modulated by oxygen availability during the short-time air exposure and subsequent re-oxygenation treatments proving that they are critical players of oxygen-sensing mechanisms in mussels. Remarkably, hif-α gene expression showed a prompt and transient response suggesting the precocious implication of this transcription factor in the early phase of the adaptive response to hypoxia in Mytilus. HIF-α and PHD proteins were modulated in a time-dependent manner with trends comparable to mRNA expression patterns, thus suggesting a central role of their transcriptional regulation in the hypoxia tolerance strategies in marine bivalves. These results provide molecular information about the effects of oxygen deficiency and identify hypoxia-responsive biomarker genes in mussels applicable in ecotoxicological studies of natural marine areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-781
Number of pages14
JournalMarine Biotechnology
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 16 2015

Fingerprint

procollagen-proline dioxygenase
Mytilus
Prolyl Hydroxylases
Mytilus galloprovincialis
hypoxia
gene expression
Air
Gene Expression
air
Bivalvia
oxygen
Oxygen
bivalve
Messenger RNA
mussels
gills
air exposure
Eutrophication
protein
animal

Keywords

  • Gene expression
  • Hypoxia-inducible factor
  • Mytilus galloprovincialis
  • Oxygen sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Biotechnology

Cite this

Hypoxia-Inducible Factor α and Hif-prolyl Hydroxylase Characterization and Gene Expression in Short-Time Air-Exposed Mytilus galloprovincialis. / Giannetto, Alessia; Maisano, Maria; Cappello, Tiziana; Oliva, Sabrina; Parrino, Vincenzo; Natalotto, Antonino; De Marco, Giuseppe; Barberi, Chiara; Romeo, Orazio; Mauceri, Angela; Fasulo, Salvatore.

In: Marine Biotechnology, Vol. 17, No. 6, 16.08.2015, p. 768-781.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Giannetto, A, Maisano, M, Cappello, T, Oliva, S, Parrino, V, Natalotto, A, De Marco, G, Barberi, C, Romeo, O, Mauceri, A & Fasulo, S 2015, 'Hypoxia-Inducible Factor α and Hif-prolyl Hydroxylase Characterization and Gene Expression in Short-Time Air-Exposed Mytilus galloprovincialis', Marine Biotechnology, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 768-781. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10126-015-9655-7
Giannetto, Alessia ; Maisano, Maria ; Cappello, Tiziana ; Oliva, Sabrina ; Parrino, Vincenzo ; Natalotto, Antonino ; De Marco, Giuseppe ; Barberi, Chiara ; Romeo, Orazio ; Mauceri, Angela ; Fasulo, Salvatore. / Hypoxia-Inducible Factor α and Hif-prolyl Hydroxylase Characterization and Gene Expression in Short-Time Air-Exposed Mytilus galloprovincialis. In: Marine Biotechnology. 2015 ; Vol. 17, No. 6. pp. 768-781.
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AU - De Marco, Giuseppe

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