Hysterectomy in patients with previous cesarean section: Comparison between laparoscopic and vaginal approaches

Giorgio Bogani, Antonella Cromi, Maurizio Serati, Edoardo Di Naro, Jvan Casarin, Nicola Marconi, Ciro Pinelli, Fabio Ghezzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective To evaluate surgery-related outcomes of laparoscopic (LH) and vaginal hysterectomy (VH) in patients with a history of previous cesarean section (CS). Study design Data on 289 consecutive patients with a history of CS undergoing VH (n = 49, 17%) and LH (n = 219, 76%) were collected. Basic descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate surgery-related outcomes. A propensity-matched algorithm was applied in order to reduce allocation biases between groups. Results Patients undergoing LH were more likely to have a history of multiple cesarean sections (44% vs. 18%; p = 0.001). Additionally, uterine weight was greater among patients undergoing LH than VH (median weight: 235 (range, 45-2830) vs. 150 (range, 40-710) g; p <0.001). Three patients in each group experienced procedural bladder injuries (3/219 (1%) vs. 3/49 (6%); p = 0.07; RR: 1.65; 95%CI: 0.74, 3.68). The rate of grade 3 or worse postoperative complications was balanced between LH and VH (1% vs. 0%; p = 1.00). Patients undergoing LH experienced a shorter length of hospital stay in comparison to patients undergoing VH (1 vs. 2 days; p = 0.02). Considering the overall population, we observed via multivariate analysis that age (OR: 1.003 (95%CI: 1.001, 1.004) per 10-year increase in age; p = 0.002), VH (OR: 17.80 (95%CI: 1.762, 180,378); p = 0.01) and number of cesarean sections ≥ 2 (OR: 27.70 (95%CI: 1.976, 388,285); p = 0.01) increased the risk of developing bladder injuries during hysterectomy. Conclusions LH is a safe and feasible procedure in patients with previous CS, and it is associated with a low bladder injury rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume184
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Bladder injury
  • Cesarean section
  • Laparoscopic hysterectomy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Vaginal hysterectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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