Ia-like antigens on freshly explanted human melanoma

P. G. Natali, P. Cordiali-Fei, R. Cavaliere, F. Di Filippo, V. Quaranta, M. A. Pellegrino, S. Ferrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Human Ia-like antigens have unexpectedly been found on human melanoma cells maintained in long-term culture. Since these antigens may play a role in the biology of melanoma and in the interaction of the tumor with the host's immune system, tissues surgically removed from 16 patients in different stages of the disease were tested in indirect immunofluorescence with monoclonal antibodies and operationally specific xenoantisera to framework determinants of Ia-like antigens. All of the samples which included primary, metastatic, and recurrent lesions specifically reacted with anti Ia-like antigen antibodies. Melanoma cells can synthesize Ia-like antigens since they reappeared on cells cultured in vitro following treatment with pronase. The number of Ia-like antigen-positive cells in the melanoma lesions ranged from 15 to 90% and was unrelated to the presence of melanine and to the clinical stage of the disease; however, a low number of Ia-like antigen-bearing cells was found in primary tumors with high levels of invasivity (Clark's staging) and in lesions from patients with massive metastatic spreading. Intradermic nevi surgically removed from 14 patients did not react with anti Ia-like antigen xenoantibodies. If these results are confirmed with a large number of lesions then testing of tumor biopsies for Ia-like antigens may aid to solve controversial diagnosis of melanoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-259
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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