Idelalisib or placebo in combination with bendamustine and rituximab in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: interim results from a phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

AD Zelenetz, JC Barrientos, JR Brown, B Coiffier, J Delgado, M Egyed, P Ghia, Á Illés, W Jurczak, P Marlton, M Montillo, F Morschhauser, AS Pristupa, T Robak, JP Sharman, D Simpson, L Smolej, E Tausch, AH Adewoye, LK DreilingY Kim, S Stilgenbauer, P Hillmen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Bendamustine plus rituximab is a standard of care for the management of patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. New therapies are needed to improve clinically relevant outcomes in these patients. We assessed the efficacy and safety of adding idelalisib, a first-in-class targeted phosphoinositide-3-kinase δ inhibitor, to bendamustine plus rituximab in this population. Methods For this international, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, adult patients (≥18 years) with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia requiring treatment who had measurable lymphadenopathy by CT or MRI and disease progression within 36 months since their last previous therapy were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) by a central interactive web response system to receive bendamustine plus rituximab for a maximum of six cycles (bendamustine: 70 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1 and 2 for six 28-day cycles; rituximab: 375 mg/m2 on day 1 of cycle 1, and 500 mg/m2 on day 1 of cycles 2–6) in addition to either twice-daily oral idelalisib (150 mg) or placebo until disease progression or intolerable study drug-related toxicity. Randomisation was stratified by high-risk features (IGHV, del[17p], or TP53 mutation) and refractory versus relapsed disease. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival assessed by an independent review committee in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is ongoing and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01569295. Findings Between June 26, 2012, and Aug 21, 2014, 416 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to the idelalisib (n=207) and placebo (n=209) groups. At a median follow-up of 14 months (IQR 7–18), median progression-free survival was 20·8 months (95% CI 16·6–26·4) in the idelalisib group and 11·1 months (8·9–11·1) in the placebo group (hazard ratio [HR] 0·33, 95% CI 0·25–0·44; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-311
Number of pages15
JournalThe Lancet Oncology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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