Identification and characterization of C1orf36, a transcript highly expressed in photoreceptor cells, and mutation analysis in retinitis pigmentosa

Giovanni Lavorgna, Marta Lestingi, Carmela Ziviello, Francesco Testa, Francesca Simonelli, Maria Pia Manitto, Rosario Brancato, Maurizio Ferrari, Ernesto Rinaldi, Alfredo Ciccodicola, Sandro Banfi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

By means of computational methods, we identified an uncharacterized human transcript, Chromosome 1 open reading frame 36 (C1orf36), that is expressed in the retina and that maps to 1q32.3. The cDNA contains an open reading frame of 585bp that encodes a 195-aminoacid protein with a predicted mass of 22.7kDa. An alternatively spliced transcript in a retinoblastoma cell line, encoding for a truncated peptide, was also identified. PCR experiments performed using human cDNA from several sources indicate that C1orf36 has a preferential expression in the retina. Accordingly, in situ hybridization experiments, performed using as probe a murine C1orf36 cDNA fragment, detected a hybridization signal on mouse retinal adult sections. The C1orf36 protein shares homology with putative proteins in Mus musculus and Fugu rubripes, suggesting evolutionary conservation of its function. Additional sequence analysis of the C1orf36 gene product predicts its subcellular mitochondrial localization and the presence of both evolutionary conserved phosphorylation sites and regions adopting a coiled-coil conformation. We also defined the genomic structure of the gene. This enabled us to perform a mutational analysis of the C1orf36 coding region of about 300 patients affected by retinitis pigmentosa. No pathological mutations were detected in this analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-421
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume308
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 29 2003

Keywords

  • Algorithm
  • Alternative splicing
  • C1orf36
  • Chromosome 1q32.3
  • EST
  • Retinal gene
  • Retinitis pigmentosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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