Identification by differential display of transcripts regulated during hematopoietic differentiation

H. M. Bond, P. Bonelli, M. Mesuraca, V. Agosti, C. Masone, C. Cuomo, A. Nisticò, P. Tassone, F. Tuccillo, L. Cecco, L. Iacopino, V. Barbieri, M. Cerra, F. S. Costanzo, G. Morrone, S. Venuta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The polymerase chain reaction-based differential display method (DDRT- PCR) was used to identify mRNAs differentially expressed during the maturation of human CD34+ progenitor cells stimulated to differentiate in vitro towards granulomonocytic or erythroid lineages with a mixture of hemopoietins (kit ligand + interleukin 3 + GMCSF in the absence or presence of erythropoietin, respectively). Three cDNA transcripts (B32, B41, and B56) display differential expression during cytokine-induced maturation of CD34+ cells. These clones have no homology with already-described sequences. Primer extension confirmed the presence of the corresponding mRNA. The levels of mRNA corresponding to B32 are enhanced in the later phases of the granulomonocytic as well as in the erythroid differentiation of CD34+ cells. The mRNA identified by B41 was induced by a late stage in only granulomonocytic differentiation of CD34+ cells. The mRNA corresponding to B56 was instead present in nonstimulated CD34+ cells, declined in the early stages of differentiation, and reappeared at later stages in cells treated with both combinations of cytokines. Expression of the genes was detected in a number of acute myelogenous leukemias, as well as in some leukemic cell lines. B32 and B41 were downregulated in KG-1 cells induced to differentiate towards the monocytic lineage, whereas the levels of B56 were unchanged. In K562 cells, clones B41 and B56 were downregulated only in the late phases of PMA-induced megakaryocytic differentiation and during erythroid differentiation. B32 was rapidly downregulated when K562 cells were induced to differentiate towards either megakaryocytic or erythroid phenotypes. These transcripts represent novel hematopoietic cDNAs that should prove of value for the study of human blood cells and their disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-143
Number of pages8
JournalStem Cells
Volume16
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Differential display
  • Gene regulation
  • Hematopoietic progenitors
  • Leukemia
  • Polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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