Identification of a De Novo Xq26.2 Microduplication Encompassing FIRRE Gene in a Child with Intellectual Disability

Gianmaria Miolo, Laura Bernardini, Anna Capalbo, Anna Favia, Marina Goldoni, Barbara Pivetta, Giovanni Tessitori, Giuseppe Corona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), defined as transcripts of >200 nucleotides not translated into protein, have been involved in a wide range of regulatory functions. Their dysregulations have been associated with diverse pathological conditions such as cancer, schizophrenia, Parkinson's, Huntington's, Alzheimer's diseases and Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NDDs), including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We report on the case of a five-year-old child with global developmental delay carrying a de novo microduplication on chromosome Xq26.2 region characterized by a DNA copy-number gain spanning about 147 Kb (chrX:130,813,232-130,960,617; GRCh37/hg19). This small microduplication encompassed the exons 2-12 of the functional intergenic repeating RNA element (FIRRE) gene (chrX:130,836,678-130,964,671; GRCh37/hg19) that encodes for a lncRNA involved in the maintenance of chromatin repression. The association of such a genetic alteration with a severe neurodevelopmental delay without clear dysmorphic features and congenital abnormalities indicative of syndromic condition further suggests that small Xq26.2 chromosomal region microduplications containing the FIRRE gene may be responsible for clinical phenotypes mainly characterized by structural or functioning neurological impairment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1009
Number of pages8
JournalDiagn.
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 25 2020

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