Primary torsion dystonia (PTD) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of movement disorders, usually inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. Three PTD loci (DYT1, DYT6 and DYT7) have been identified to date. However, in several PTD families linkage to the known loci has been excluded. We identified an Italian PTD family with 11 definitely affected members. Phenotype was characterised by juvenile or early-adult onset, prominent cranial-cervical and upper limb involvement, mild course and occasional generalisation. A genome-wide search performed in the family identified a novel PTD locus (DYT13) within a 22-cM interval on the short arm of chromosome 1, with a maximum lod score of 3.44 (θ = 0) between the disease and marker D1S2667.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology