Identification of a putative pathway for the muscle homing of stem cells in a muscular dystrophy model

Yvan Torrente, Geoffrey Camirand, Federica Pisati, Marzia Belicchi, Barbara Rossi, Fabio Colombo, Mosthapha El Fahime, Nicolas J. Caron, Andrew C. Issekutz, Gabriela Constantin, Jacques P. Tremblay, Nereo Bresolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Attempts to repair muscle damage in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) by transplanting skeletal myoblasts directly into muscles are faced with the problem of the limited migration of these cells in the muscles. The delivery of myogenic stem cells to the sites of muscle lesions via the systemic circulation is a potential alternative approach to treat this disease. Muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) were obtained by a MACS® multisort method. Clones of MDSCs, which were Sca-1+/CD34-/L-selectin+, were found to adhere firmly to the endothelium of mdx dystrophic muscles after i.v. or i.m. injections. The subpopulation of Sca-1+/CD34- MDSCs expressing L-selectin was called homing MDSCs (HMDSCs). Treatment of HMDSCs with antibodies against L-selectin prevented adhesion to the muscle endothelium. Importantly, we found that vascular endothelium from striate muscle of young mdx mice expresses mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1), a ligand for L-selectin. Our results showed for the first time that the expression of the adhesion molecule L-selectin is important for muscle homing of MDSCs. This discovery will aid in the improvement of a potential therapy for muscular dystrophy based on the systemic delivery of MDSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-520
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume162
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 4 2003

Keywords

  • Dystrophin
  • Gene therapy
  • Muscle derived stem cell
  • Muscle homing
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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