Identification of critical residues of the MyD88 death domain involved in the recruitment of downstream kinases

Maria Loiarro, Grazia Gallo, Nicola Fantò, Rita De Santis, Paolo Carminati, Vito Ruggiero, Claudio Sette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


MyD88 couples the activation of the Toll-like receptors and interleukin-1 receptor superfamily with intracellular signaling pathways. Upon ligand binding, activated receptors recruit MyD88 via its Toll-interleukin-1 receptor domain. MyD88 then allows the recruitment of the interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinases (IRAKs). We performed a site-directed mutagenesis of MyD88 residues, conserved in death domains of the homologous FADD and Pelle proteins, and analyzed the effect of the mutations on MyD88 signaling. Our studies revealed that mutation of residues 52 (MyD88E52A) and 58 (MyD88Y58A) impaired recruitment of both IRAK1 and IRAK4, whereas mutation of residue 95 (MyD88K95A) only affected IRAK4 recruitment. Since all MyD88 mutants were defective in signaling, recruitment of both IRAKs appeared necessary for activation of the pathway. Moreover, overexpression of a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged mini-MyD88 protein (GFP-MyD88-(27-72)), comprising the Glu52 and Tyr58 residues, interfered with recruitment of both IRAK1 and IRAK4 by MyD88 and suppressed NF-κB activation by the interleukin-1 receptor but not by the MyD88-independent TLR3. GFP-MyD88-(27-72) exerted its effect by titrating IRAK1 and suppressing IRAK1-dependent NF-κB activation. These experiments identify novel residues of MyD88 that are crucially involved in the recruitment of IRAK1 and IRAK4 and in downstream propagation of MyD88 signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28093-28103
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - Oct 9 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of critical residues of the MyD88 death domain involved in the recruitment of downstream kinases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this