Identification of distinct cellular pools of interleukin-1β during the evolution of the neuroinflammatory response induced by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in the brain of rat

Diana Amantea, Giacinto Bagetta, Cristina Tassorelli, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Maria Tiziana Corasaniti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin(IL)-1β plays a crucial role in ischemic pathophysiology, since pharmacologic inhibition of its biological effects provides neuroprotection after stroke. However, there is evidence suggesting that under certain circumstances the cytokine may also exert beneficial functions on brain injury. We have investigated the regional and cellular expression of IL-1β after ischemia-reperfusion injury in the brain of rat, and correlated cytokine expression with the activation/recruitment of glial cells in the damaged tissue. By using a double immunofluorescence histochemical approach, we observed an increased cytokine immunoreactivity in the ischemic core, as early as 1 h after middle cerebral artery occlusion, in few activated OX-42-positive microglial cells and in perivascular GFAP-positive astrocytes, suggesting that the cytokine may participate in the early response of the neurovascular unit to reduced blood supply. After 2 h ischemia, followed by 2 h reperfusion, cytokine staining was evident in the astrocytes of the penumbra and in activated microglial cells of the ischemic core. Microglial activation increases with the progression of damage and, after 22 h reperfusion, OX-42-immunopositive cells were strongly labelled for IL-1β in the core and, even more intensely, in the penumbra. At this later stage, GFAP-positive cells, appearing hypertrophic and distributed in a ring-like pattern around the ischemic core, do no longer express IL-1β. Thus, a specific cellular and regional pattern of IL-1β expression characterises the progression of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Depending on the stage and intensity of the insult, the different cellular origin of the cytokine may suggest a distinct role of this neuroinflammatory mediator in ischemic pathophysiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-269
Number of pages11
JournalBrain Research
Volume1313
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 8 2010

Keywords

  • Brain ischemia
  • Interleukin-1β
  • Neuroinflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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