Identification of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 glycoprotein gp120/gp41 interacting sites by the idiotypic mimicry of two monoclonal antibodies

L. Lopalco, R. Longhi, F. Ciccomascolo, A. De Rossi, M. Pelagi, F. Andronico, J. P. Moore, T. Schulz, A. Beretta, A. G. Siccardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A sequence of four amino acid residues amino-terminal to the only intramolecular disulphide bond of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmembrane protein gp41 is recognized by an anti-idiotypic antibody (9G5A) raised against another monoclonal antibody (M38), which recognizes the C5 region of gp120. 9G5A is an Ab2β antibody (internal image of the M38 epitope) in that it inhibits the interaction of M38 to its antigen. The binding of 9G5A to gp41 can be inhibited by M38 showing that the two antibodies interact via their paratopes. 9G5A neutralizes HIV-1 infection and syncytia formation. Ab3 antibodies induced in mice and rabbits immunized with 9G5A also can neutralize virus in both assays. These data show that the M38-defined epitope of the carboxy-terminal region of gp120 interacts with the 9G5A-defined epitope of gp41, and that this interaction can be reproduced by the idiotypic mimicry of the two antibodies. The results are consistent with a proposed molecular model of the two env regions which predicts the presence, within the C5 region of gp120, of a large intramolecular pocket that is contacted by the gp41 cysteine loop.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

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