Identification of mycobacterial infections in wild boars in Northern Sardinia, Italy

Stefania Zanetti, Alessandra Bua, Paola Molicotti, Giovanni Delogu, Antonio Mura, Silvia Ortu, Leonardo Antonio Sechi

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During a six-month period a region of Northern Sardinia was monitored to check the presence of mycobacterial infections in wild boars. Forty-eight serum and 229 biopsy samples were collected from different animals and examined by both traditional diagnostic techniques (culture, bacterioscopic and molecular tests) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The latter was used to determine the antibody response against both methylated and nonmethylated Heparin-Binding Haemagglutinin (HBHA) protein. Nine mycobacterial strains were isolated: three M. avium ssp. paratuberculosis (Map), three M. avium, one M. interjectum and two M. scrofulaceum strains. By PCR, only one animal was positive for M. bovis, whereas 10 animals were positive for Map. Out of the 48 sera tested, 19 showed a good humoral response to methylated HBHA and 17 to nonmethylated HBHA. Our data provide new information on the prevalence of mycobacterial infection among wild boars in Northern Sardinia and suggest that a more effective program should be developed to monitor mycobacterial infections in the wild animal population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
JournalActa Veterinaria Hungarica
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • HBHA
  • Humoral response
  • Mycobacterium bovis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Wild boars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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