Identification of novel and known KRT5 and KRT14 mutations in 53 patients with epidermolysis bullosa simplex: Correlation between genotype and phenotype

M. J. Arin, G. Grimberg, H. Schumann, H. De Almeida, Y. R. Chang, G. Tadini, J. Kohlhase, T. Krieg, L. Bruckner-Tuderman, C. Has

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Basal epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS) is a hereditary skin blistering disorder resulting in most cases from missense mutations in the keratin 5 (KRT5) or keratin 14 (KRT14) genes. Objectives To identify the underlying mutations in different EBS subtypes and correlate genotype and phenotype. Methods Mutation analysis was performed in 53 patients with EBS and their families by direct sequencing of the KRT5 and KRT14 genes. Results We identified 39 different mutations, of which 15 have not been published previously. Three novel deletion/insertion mutations, among them one in-frame duplication, were associated with the rare phenotype of EBS with mottled pigmentation. We identified for the first time a patient with compound heterozygosity for KRT5 mutations causing Dowling-Degos disease and EBS. Conclusions Identification of novel mutations and genotype-phenotype correlations in EBS allow improved understanding of disease pathogenesis as well as better patient management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1369
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume162
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Epidermolysis bullosa
  • Genodermatosis
  • Keratin
  • Mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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