Glioblastomas, the most frequent and malignant glial tumors, are known to be phenotypically heterogeneous. A low fraction of glioblastomas is associated with specific chromosomal losses at 1p and 19q, which are commonly found in oligodendrogliomas and are generally considered to be a primary event in the development of these tumors. Subsequent progression of oligodendroglial tumors appears to be triggered by additional molecular features underlying the transition to anaplastic oligodendroglioma and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) such as deletions of 9p and 10q, and alterations of CDKN2A (p16), which is located at 9p21. These findings strengthen the view that GBM on rare occasions may develop from oligodendroglial differentiated cells. In the present study, we evaluated the newly established MI-4 glioblastoma cell line, which displays 1p and 19q specific alterations targeting preferential regions of allelic loss in glial neoplasms, by array-CGH and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses that were combined to obtain a high resolution map of targeted chromosome rearrangements and copy number changes throughout the genome. Genome-wide and chromosome 19 full coverage array-CGH analysis of the MI-4 cell line revealed that in this particular cell line, 1p-specific loss, including the CDKN2 (p18) gene, is not accompanied by loss of the previously described 19q13.3 tumor suppressor candidate region. Interestingly, the array-CGH (CGHa) profile showed an increase in copy number along most of 19q including the AKT2 oncogene and the KLKs gene family, which have previously been shown to be amplified in pancreatic carcinomas and upregulated in several tumors, respectively. The concomitant 1p partial loss and chromosome 19 alterations, with the +7 and -10-specific GBM markers associated with homozygous deletion of 9p21.3 including CDKN2A (p16), are distinct features of the glioblastoma MI-4 cell line, illustrating its origin from an olidodendroglial tumor. Based on these results, we conclude that the MI-4 glioblastoma cell line might function as a model system for investigations into the behavior of a defined oligodendroglioma subtype.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Molecular Biology