Identification of SETBP1 Mutations by Gene Panel Sequencing in Individuals With Intellectual Disability or With “Developmental and Epileptic Encephalopathy”

Emanuela Leonardi, Elisa Bettella, Maria Federica Pelizza, Maria Cristina Aspromonte, Roberta Polli, Clementina Boniver, Stefano Sartori, Donatella Milani, Alessandra Murgia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


SETBP1 mutations are associated with the Schinzel-Giedion syndrome (SGS), characterized by profound neurodevelopmental delay, typical facial features, and multiple congenital malformations (OMIM 269150). Refractory epilepsy is a common feature of SGS. Loss of function mutations have been typically associated with a distinct and milder phenotype characterized by intellectual disability and expressive speech impairment. Here we report three variants of SETBP1, two novel de novo truncating mutations, identified by NGS analysis of an Intellectual Disability gene panel in 600 subjects with non-specific neurodevelopmental disorders, and one missense identified by a developmental epilepsy gene panel tested in 56 pediatric epileptic cases. The three individuals carrying the identified SETBP1 variants presented mild to severe developmental delay and lacked the cardinal features of classical SGS. One of these subjects, carrying the c.1765C>T (p.Arg589*) mutation, had mild Intellectual Disability with speech delay; the second one carrying the c.2199_2203del (p.Glu734Alafs19*) mutation had generalized epilepsy, responsive to treatment, and moderate Intellectual Disability; the third patient showed a severe cognitive defects and had a history of drug resistant epilepsy with West syndrome evolved into a Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. This latter subject carries the missense c.2572G>A (p.Glu858Lys) variant, which is absent from the control population, reported as de novo in a subject with ASD, and located close to the SETBP1 hot spot for SGS-associated mutations. Our findings contribute to further characterizing the associated phenotypes and suggest inclusion of SETBP1 in the list of prioritized genes for the genetic diagnosis of overlapping phenotypes ranging from non-specific neurodevelopmental disorders to “developmental and epileptic encephalopathy” (DEE).

Original languageEnglish
Article number593446
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Publication statusPublished - Dec 16 2020


  • epilepsy
  • epileptic encephalopathy
  • gene panel
  • ID
  • MRD29
  • NGS
  • SETBP1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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