Identification of two distinct subsets of long-term nonprogressors with divergent viral activity by stromal-derived factor 1 chemokine gene polymorphism analysis

Claudia Balotta, Patrizia Bagnarelli, Stefano Corvasce, Renata Mazzucchelli, M. Chiara Colombo, Laura Papagno, Sara Santambrogio, Anna Lisa Ridolfo, Michela Violin, Alberto Berlusconi, Rossella Velleca, Guido Facchi, Mauro Moroni, Massimo Clementi, Massimo Galli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Stromal-derived factor (SDF)-1, the natural ligand for CXCR4, is present in a common polymorphic variant defined by a G→A transition in the 3' untranslated region of the gene. In persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), the homozygous genotype (SDF1-3'A/3'A) has been postulated to interfere with the appearance of T-tropic syncytium- inducing strains. The polymorphism of SDF1 was correlated with HIV-1 phenotype, plasma viremia, and unspliced and multiply spliced specific transcripts in 158 virologically characterized HTV-1-infected patients (39 recent seroconverters, 75 typical progressors, and 44 AIDS patients) and in 42 HTV-1-infected long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs). Analysis of SDF1 allele distribution revealed that SDF1-3'A/3'A status is associated with low CD4 cell count (P = .0449) but not with a specific HIV-1 phenotype. In LTNPs, SDF1-+/+ condition defined a subset of persons with lower HIV-1 replication than in heterozygous subjects. The low viral activity in SDF1-+/+ LTNPs suggests that other factors play a major role in vivo in determining the course of HIV-1 infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-289
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume180
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Immunology

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