The structure and the activity of urinary soluble TNF receptor type 1 (sTNF-R1), isolated from the urine of normal individuals, has been characterized and compared with that of recombinant sTNF-R1 expressed in CHO cells and with that of a nonglycosylated form expressed in Escherichia coli. Urinary sTNF-R1 was resolved in a major band of 31-33 kD and in a 48 kD band (less than 5% of total) by reducing SDS-PAGE; CHO sTNF-R1 was resolved in two bands of 29 and 31 kD. All bands were recognized by various anti-sTNF-R1 antibodies as well as by TNF-α in western and ligand blotting assays. No cross-reaction was observed with anti-TNF-R2 antibodies. N- and O-glycosylation studies indicated that (1) the 29-31 kD recombinant form as well as the 31-33 kD urinary form are N-glycosylated; (2) the differences between the 29-31 and 31-33 kD recombinant and natural products are mainly related to differences in the N-linked sugar content; and (3) the 48 kD sTNF-R1 isolated from urine also contains O-linked sugars. The urinary sTNF-R1 antigen mixture was able to inhibit TNF-α cytotoxicity with a potency comparable to that of nonglycosylated E. coli sTNF-R1. At variance, urinary sTNF-R1 was able to inhibit TNF-β sevenfold more efficiently than E. coli sTNF-R1. In conclusion, two subtypes of sTNF-R1 have been isolated from urine: a main N-glycosylated form of 31-33 kD and a N- and O-glycosylated form of 48 kD that appears to be a minor constituent of the urinary sTNF-R1 antigen.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology