Two distinct subtypes of human rotavirus serotype 4 were identified by using neutralizing monoclonal antibodies directed to the major outer capsid glycoprotein, VP7, of strains ST3 (subtype 4A) and VA70 (subtype 4B). Specimens containing serotype 4 rotavirus, obtained from different countries, were examined for subtyping by using solid-phase immune electron microscopy, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and, for cell culture-adapted strains, neutralization assay. All 59 human rotavirus strains identified as serotype 4 by using animal antisera were classified into either subtype by monoclonal antibodies. This suggests that the antigenic difference between the two subtypes is a consequence of critical variations within the immunodominant serotype 4-specific neutralization site of rotavirus VP7. Subtype 4A (ST3-like) strains were predominant and were detected in stools from patients with gastroenteritis, as well as from healthy infants and young children.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Microbiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)