Identifying older diabetic patients at risk of poor glycemic control

Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Andrea Corsonello, Claudio Pedone, Francesco Corica, Luciana Carosella, Bruno Mazzei, Francesco Perticone, PierUgo Carbonin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Optimal glycemic control prevents the onset of diabetes complications. Identifying diabetic patients at risk of poor glycemic control could help promoting dedicated interventions. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of poor short-term and long-term glycemic control in older diabetic in-patients. Methods: A total of 1354 older diabetic in-patients consecutively enrolled in a multicenter study formed the training population (retrospective arm); 264 patients consecutively admitted to a ward of general medicine formed the testing population (prospective arm). Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was measured on admission and one year after the discharge in the testing population. Independent correlates of a discharge glycemia ≥ 140 mg/dl in the training population were assessed by logistic regression analysis and a clinical prediction rule was developed. The ability of the prediction rule and that of admission HbA1c to predict discharge glycemia ≥ 140 mg/dl and HbA1c > 7% one year after discharge was assessed in the testing population. Results: Selected admission variables (diastolic arterial pressure <80 mmHg, glycemia = 143-218 mg/dl, glycemia > 218 mg/dl, history of insulinic or combined hypoglycemic therapy, Charlson's index > 2) were combined to obtain a score predicting a discharge fasting glycemia ≥ 140 mg/dl in the training population. A modified score was obtained by adding 1 if admission HbA1c exceeded 7.8%. The modified score was the best predictor of both discharge glycemia ≥ 140 mg/dl (sensitivity = 79%, specificity = 63%) and 1 year HbA1c > 7% (sensitivity = 72%, specificity = 71%) in the testing population. Conclusion: A simple clinical prediction rule might help identify older diabetic in-patients at risk of both short and long term poor glycemic control.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 23 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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