Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-Inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a member of the TNF superfamily exerting cytotoxic activities toward tumor cells. Herein, we demonstrate that therapeutic concentrations of interferon α (IFNα) stimulate the expression of high levels of TRAIL mRNA and the release of elevated amounts of a soluble bioactive form of TRAIL (sTRAIL) in both human neutrophils and monocytes. Supernatants harvested from IFNα-treated neutrophils/monocytes elicited, on TRAIL-sensitive leukemic cell lines, proapoptotic activities that were significantly reduced by either a combination of TRAIL-R1/Fc and TRAIL-R2/Fc chimeras or neutralizing anti-TRAIL, anti-TRAIL-R1, and anti-TRAIL-R2 antibodies, suggesting that they were mediated by released sTRAIL acting on both TRAIL receptors. Since diseases such as chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and melanoma are effectively treated with IFNα, we also demonstrate that CML neutrophils and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) cultured with IFNα at therapeutic concentrations retain the capacity of releasing sTRAIL, suggesting that CML leukocytes, in vivo, might represent an Important source of sTRAIL. In this regard, we show that sTRAIL serum levels as well as leukocyte-associated TRAIL significantly increase in melanoma patients following IFNO administration. Collectively, these findings indicate that sTRAIL released by IFNα-activated neutrophils and monocytes contributes not only to the immunoregulatory actions but also to the therapeutic activities of IFNα.
ASJC Scopus subject areas