Ifosfamide, epirubicin, etoposide (IEV) and autologous peripheral blood progenitor cell transplant: A feasible and effective salvage treatment for lymphoid malignancies

Marino Clavio, Alberto Garrone, Ivana Pierri, Gian Luca Michelis, Manuela Balocco, Alessandra Albarello, Riccardo Varaldo, Paolo Canepa, Maurizio Miglino, Filippo Ballerini, Letizia Canepa, Marco Gobbi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The IEV schedule consisted of epirubicin 100 mg/m2on day 1, etoposide 150 mg/m2on days 1-3, and ifosfamide 2.5 g/m2on days 1-3. Patients who proceeded to haematopoietic stem cell transplants (HDTs) received conditioning therapy with BEAM [for the Hodgkins Lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkins Lymphoma (NHL) groups], or melphalan 100 mg/m2and mitoxantrone [for the multiple myeloma (MM) patients]. The study consisted of 65 patients with a median age of 53 years: 27 had aggressive NHL, 20 had HL, 7 had indolent NHL, and 11 had MM. Fifty-five patients received IEV for a disease that was refractory to conventional induction regimens, or that was in first or second relapse; 4 patients were treated with IEV while in complete response (CR) after chemotherapy in order to mobilise peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs). Ninety per cent of patients with HL responded to IEV, and 85% achieved CR. Both aggressive and indolent NHLs were less responsive (ORR 50 and 33%, respectively; CRR 41 and 16.5%, respectively). MM patients displayed an intermediate responsiveness (ORR 50% and CRR 30%). IEV was well tolerated in most patients. No life-threatening infections were recorded. PBSC mobilisation was successful in 37 out of 39 patients (95%) and led to the collection of a median of 16, 12, and 13.7×106CD34+cells/kg in patients with HL, NHL, and MM, respectively. All 37 patients underwent an autologous stem cell transplant following a 1 to 2 month interval after the end of IEV. Two patients were submitted to an allogeneic transplant. The median overall survival rate in HL, aggressive NHL, and indolent NHL is 32 (5-60), 16 (2-46), and 14 (4-42) months, respectively. Median EFS is 31 (5-60), 7 (2-46), and 7.5 (4-42) months, respectively. In conclusion, our study confirms that IEV ± HDT is a well tolerated and effective salvage treatment for lymphoid malignancies, and that IEV acts as an excellent stem cell mobiliser.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)933-940
Number of pages8
JournalOncology Reports
Volume14
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant
  • Epirubicin
  • Etoposide
  • Ifosfamide
  • non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Salvage therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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