Ig h and l chain variable region gene sequence analyses of twelve synovial tissue-derived b cell lines producing iga, igg, and igm rheumatoid factors structure/function comparisons of antigenic specificity, v gene sequence, and IG isotype

Rita I. Jain, Franco Fais, Stuart Kaplan, Brian Sellars, Ruth Brooks, Elliot Chartash, Richard Furie, Shiori Hashimoto, Nicholas Chiorazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present study, the complete sequences of the Ig H and L chain variable region genes of twelve RF+ B cell lines from two patients with RA were analyzed. Seven of the RF-producing B cells used VH3 family genes, four used VH4 genes, and one a VH1 gene. All but two of the cell lines expressing VH3 genes utilized different family members; among the VH4-expressing cells, a more restricted pattern was noted. Vk gene use was restricted to the Vk I and III families; Vλ gene use was more diverse, involving five different families. Computer comparisons of the expressed VH genes with their presumed germline progenitors indicated significant differences in every instance; eight of the corresponding VL genes also were significantly different. In many cases, assignment of the germline D segment(s) incorporated into the rearranged VH genes was impossible. These differences from the germline gene segments indicated the extensive changes induced by rearrangement, enzymatic activities, and somatic mutation. In hopes of defining a structural reason for the disparate antigen specificities of these cells, the CDR3 amino acid sequences of the multi-vs. the mono-reactive RF-producers were compared. Although CDR3 length was not appreciably different between these two sets of mAb, a greater than two-fold increase in charged amino acids was found in the H chain CDR3 of the multireactive RF. This relationship did not exist for the L chain CDR3. Thus, these sequence data indicate the use of a broad base of Ig V gene segments that have undergone extensive diversification. Based on the localization of R substitutions in the CDR of most of the V genes studied, the diversification appears to be antigen driven and selected. The significance of these findings for the evolution of these B cell clones into isotype-switched producers that are heterogeneous for antigen specificity (mono-vs. multi-reactivity) is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-243
Number of pages15
JournalAutoimmunity
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Antigenic specificity
  • Isotype
  • Nucleic acid sequence
  • Rheumatoid factor
  • Synovial tissue
  • V genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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