La sierologia IgA nelle nefriti idiopatiche a depositi IgA del bambino.

Translated title of the contribution: IgA serology in idiopathic IgA deposit nephropathy in children

R. Coppo, A. Amore, B. Gianoglio, M. G. Porcellini, L. Peruzzi, A. Reyna, R. Gusmano, M. Giani, F. Sereni, A. Gianviti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is generally thought that in primary IgA nephropathy (IgAN) an altered immune response favours high levels of serum IgA directed against environmental or mesangial antigens (Ag) leading to circulating IgA containing immune complexes (IgAIC). The aim of this multicenter collaborative study was to evaluate some of the IgA immunologic abnormalities in children with IgAN. We investigated 42 children with biopsy-proved IgAN, 21 children with non-IgA glomerulonephritides (CD) and 15 with previous urologic disorders without any evidence of immunologic disease (U). The following methods were used: detection of macromolecular IgA (IgAIC by the conglutinin solid-phase assay, heavy MW IgA measured in 2.5% polyethylene glycol precipitate, IgA-fibronectin aggregates, mixed IgA-IgGIC); serum levels of IgA to alimentary Ags (gliadin, glyc-gli, ovalbumin, bovine serum albumin) and mesangial Ags (fibronectin, laminin, type IV collagen) and reactivity of IgA with the lectin jacalin. In children affected with IgAN serum levels of macromolecular IgA were significantly higher in comparison to U group (p <0.05-p <0.0005). IgA-fibronectin aggregates only were significantly higher also than CD group (p <0.0005). Mean levels of antigliadin IgA were significantly higher in IgAN than in controls (CD p <0.01 and U p <0.03) and similar data were found for IgA to mesangial matrix (laminin and fibronectin), which were significantly greater in IgAN than in CD and U (p <0.01-p <0.0002). Serum IgA in children with IgAN showed a greater affinity for both polycations and glycosylated molecules. Children affected by IgAN present abnormalities in serum IgA similar to those observed in adults with the same disease.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Translated title of the contributionIgA serology in idiopathic IgA deposit nephropathy in children
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalMinerva Urologica e Nefrologica
Volume46
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Urology

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