IGF1R as druggable target mediating PI3K-d inhibitor resistance in a murine model of chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Annika Scheffold, Billy Michael Chelliah Jebaraj, Eugen Tausch, Johannes Bloehdorn, Paolo Ghia, Anella Yahiaoui, Anna Dolnik, Tamara Jacqueline Blätte, Lars Bullinger, Rashmi Priyadharshini Dheenadayalan, L. Li, Christof Schneider, Shih Shih Chen, Nicholas Chiorazzi, Sascha Dietrich, Martina Seiffert, Stacey Tannheimer, Hartmut Döhner, Daniel Mertens, Stephan Stilgenbauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Targeted therapy is revolutionizing the treatment of cancers, but resistance evolves against these therapies and derogates their success. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase delta (PI3K-d) inhibitor idelalisib has been approved for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but the mechanisms conferring resistance in a subset of patients are unknown. Here, we modeled resistance to PI3K-d inhibitor in vivo using a serial tumor transfer and treatment scheme in mice. Whole-exome sequencing did not identify any recurrent mutation explaining resistance to PI3K-d inhibitor. In the murine model, resistance to PI3K-d inhibitor occurred as a result of a signaling switch mediated by consistent and functionally relevant activation of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R), resulting in enhanced MAPK signaling in the resistant tumors. Overexpression of IGF1R in vitro demonstrated its prominent role in PI3K-d inhibitor resistance. IGF1R upregulation in PI3K-d inhibitor-resistant tumors was mediated by functional activation and enhanced nuclear localization of forkhead box protein O1 transcription factors and glycogen synthase kinase 3b. In human CLL, high IGF1R expression was associated with trisomy 12. CLL cells from an idelalisib-treated patient showed decreased sensitivity to idelalisib in vitro concomitant with enhanced MAPK signaling and strong upregulation of IGF1R upon idelalisib exposure. Thus, our results highlight that alternative signaling cascades play a predominant role in the resistance and survival of cancer cells under PI3K-d inhibition. We also demonstrate that these pathway alterations can serve as therapeutic targets, because inhibition of IGF1R offered efficacious salvage treatment of PI3K-d inhibitor-resistant tumors in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)534-547
Number of pages14
JournalBlood
Volume134
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 8 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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