We evaluated whether antibody response correlates with tumor therapy by cytokine gene-modified tumor cell vaccines. To characterize the antibody (Ab) response against a known antigen, colon carcinoma C26 cells and C26 variants engineered to produce interleukin (IL) 12 or IL-4 were further transduced to express the human tumor-associated antigen gp38 folate receptor (FR) α. Irradiated IL-12- and IL-4-producing C26/FRα cell vaccines cured 50 and 30% of mice bearing C26/FRα lung micrometastases. Treatment induced a rapid, CD4-dependent Ab production dominated by IgG2a and IgG1 in response to the IL-12 or IL-4 vaccine, respectively. In contrast, untreated tumor-bearing mice showed a late serological response dominated by IgM. Anti-FRα IgG1 and IgG2a were able to suppress tumor metastases upon passive transfer in vivo. Sera from mice cured by the IL-12 vaccine displayed a higher binding activity, a higher anti-FRα IgG2a content, and a higher complement-mediated tumor cell lysis in vitro compared to the sera from nonresponder mice. Such a correlation was not found in the sera of mice treated with the IL-4 vaccine. These data indicate that cytokine-producing tumor cell vaccines strongly influence antibody response, and that in the case of the IL-12-based vaccine, the Ab titer correlates with the therapeutic response, thus suggesting its use for monitoring the outcome of vaccination in cancer patients.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research