IL-12 is key cytokine in innate immunity and participates in tumor rejection by stimulating an IFN-γ-mediated response characterized by CD8+ mediated-cytotoxicity, inhibition of angiogenesis, and vascular injury. We previously demonstrated that activated lymphocytes stimulated with IL-12 induced an angiostatic program in cocultured vascular endothelial cells. In this study, we have extended this observation showing that a reciprocal modulation of cellular responses occurs. Actually, the presence of endothelial cells enhanced the inhibitory effect of IL-12 on metalloproteinase-9 expression in activated PBMC as well as their ability to transmigrate across an extracellular matrix. IL-12 triggered intracellular signaling, as indicated by STAT-1 activation, appeared to mainly operative in activated CD4+ cells challenged with IL-12, but it was also initiated in CD8+ lymphocytes in the presence of endothelial cells. On the other hand, stimulated PBMC reduced the expression and the activity of metalloproteinase-9, up-regulated that of tissue inhibitor metalloproteinase-1, and stimulated the STAT-1 pathway in cocultured endothelial cells. We used neutralizing Abs to show that the IFN-inducible protein 10 (CXCL10) and monokine-induced by IFN-γ (CXCL9) chemokines produced by both PBMC and endothelial cells are pivotal in inducing these effects. Altogether these results suggest the existence of an IL-12-regulated circuit between endothelium and lymphocytes resulting in a shift of proteolytic homeostasis at site of tissue injury.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1 2003|
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