Human β-defensins (HBDs) are a major class of antimicrobial peptides that play an important role in the innate immune response, however, the induction and regulation of these antimicrobial peptides is not well understood. We demonstrate here that stimulation of keratinocytes with TNF-α/IFN- γ induces HBD-2 and HBD-3 by activating STAT-1 and NF-κB signaling. We further demonstrate that IL-4 and IL-13 activate STAT-6 and induce the suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1 and -3. This interferes with STAT-1 and NF-κB signaling, thereby inhibiting TNF-α/IFN-γ-mediated induction of HBD-2 and HBD-3. These data suggest that targeting the STAT-1-signaling pathway or suppressor of cytokine signaling expression enhances β-defensin expression and represents a new therapeutic strategy for reduction of infection in human diseases associated with β-defensin deficiency.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 15 2007|
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