Illicit drug consumption estimated by wastewater analysis in different districts of Milan: A case study

Sara Castiglioni, Andrea Borsotti, Francesco Riva, Ettore Zuccato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction and Aims: Wastewater analysis is a new approach developed to estimate illicit drug (ID) consumption in large communities, such as a city. We tested the ability of this approach to detect differences in consumption in different districts of a city. Design and Methods: Consumption of cocaine, heroin, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (cannabis active principle), amphetamine, methamphetamine and ecstasy was estimated by analysis of selected drug excretion residues in composite 24h samples of untreated urban wastewater by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Samples were collected from the inlet of the three main Milan wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), each serving a district of the city (west, center and east). In each WWTP, samples were taken daily for seven consecutive days in November 2010 and March 2011. Results: We observed significant differences of ID consumption (expressed as mg/day/1000 inhabitants) among districts: consumption of some ID was significantly higher in the eastern district (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-132
Number of pages5
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016

Fingerprint

Street Drugs
Waste Water
district
drug
Drug Residues
Dronabinol
Methamphetamine
Heroin
Amphetamine
Cannabis
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Cocaine
Liquid Chromatography
inhabitant
ability
community

Keywords

  • Consumption
  • Illicit drug
  • Italy
  • Tandem mass spectrometry
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Illicit drug consumption estimated by wastewater analysis in different districts of Milan : A case study. / Castiglioni, Sara; Borsotti, Andrea; Riva, Francesco; Zuccato, Ettore.

In: Drug and Alcohol Review, Vol. 35, No. 2, 01.03.2016, p. 128-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e30acab314e34a7e9a2040e0397cade6,
title = "Illicit drug consumption estimated by wastewater analysis in different districts of Milan: A case study",
abstract = "Introduction and Aims: Wastewater analysis is a new approach developed to estimate illicit drug (ID) consumption in large communities, such as a city. We tested the ability of this approach to detect differences in consumption in different districts of a city. Design and Methods: Consumption of cocaine, heroin, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (cannabis active principle), amphetamine, methamphetamine and ecstasy was estimated by analysis of selected drug excretion residues in composite 24h samples of untreated urban wastewater by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Samples were collected from the inlet of the three main Milan wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), each serving a district of the city (west, center and east). In each WWTP, samples were taken daily for seven consecutive days in November 2010 and March 2011. Results: We observed significant differences of ID consumption (expressed as mg/day/1000 inhabitants) among districts: consumption of some ID was significantly higher in the eastern district (P",
keywords = "Consumption, Illicit drug, Italy, Tandem mass spectrometry, Wastewater",
author = "Sara Castiglioni and Andrea Borsotti and Francesco Riva and Ettore Zuccato",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/dar.12233",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "128--132",
journal = "Drug and Alcohol Review",
issn = "0959-5236",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Illicit drug consumption estimated by wastewater analysis in different districts of Milan

T2 - A case study

AU - Castiglioni, Sara

AU - Borsotti, Andrea

AU - Riva, Francesco

AU - Zuccato, Ettore

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Introduction and Aims: Wastewater analysis is a new approach developed to estimate illicit drug (ID) consumption in large communities, such as a city. We tested the ability of this approach to detect differences in consumption in different districts of a city. Design and Methods: Consumption of cocaine, heroin, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (cannabis active principle), amphetamine, methamphetamine and ecstasy was estimated by analysis of selected drug excretion residues in composite 24h samples of untreated urban wastewater by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Samples were collected from the inlet of the three main Milan wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), each serving a district of the city (west, center and east). In each WWTP, samples were taken daily for seven consecutive days in November 2010 and March 2011. Results: We observed significant differences of ID consumption (expressed as mg/day/1000 inhabitants) among districts: consumption of some ID was significantly higher in the eastern district (P

AB - Introduction and Aims: Wastewater analysis is a new approach developed to estimate illicit drug (ID) consumption in large communities, such as a city. We tested the ability of this approach to detect differences in consumption in different districts of a city. Design and Methods: Consumption of cocaine, heroin, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (cannabis active principle), amphetamine, methamphetamine and ecstasy was estimated by analysis of selected drug excretion residues in composite 24h samples of untreated urban wastewater by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Samples were collected from the inlet of the three main Milan wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), each serving a district of the city (west, center and east). In each WWTP, samples were taken daily for seven consecutive days in November 2010 and March 2011. Results: We observed significant differences of ID consumption (expressed as mg/day/1000 inhabitants) among districts: consumption of some ID was significantly higher in the eastern district (P

KW - Consumption

KW - Illicit drug

KW - Italy

KW - Tandem mass spectrometry

KW - Wastewater

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84962616921&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84962616921&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/dar.12233

DO - 10.1111/dar.12233

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84962616921

VL - 35

SP - 128

EP - 132

JO - Drug and Alcohol Review

JF - Drug and Alcohol Review

SN - 0959-5236

IS - 2

ER -