Illness Perception in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients is Different Between Patients With Active Disease or in Remission: A Prospective Cohort Study

Elena Vegni, Daniela Gilardi, Stefanos Bonovas, Bianca E Corrò, Julia Menichetti, Daniela Leone, Allocca Mariangela, Federica Furfaro, Silvio Danese, Gionata Fiorino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases [IBD] are characterised by significant quality of life [QoL] impairment, as well as illness perception. Assessing illness perception may help in optimising the management of IBD patients.

METHODS: In this single-centre, observational, transversal study, consecutive adult IBD patients were enrolled and stratified according to disease activity [active/remission]. The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire [IPQ-R], based on identity, opinions, and causes of their disease was administered to all patients. Comparison within IPQ-R parameters was done between clinically active patients and those in remission.

RESULTS: A total of 201 patients were enrolled (Crohn's disease [CD] = 47%). The most frequently reported IBD-related symptoms were fatigue [86.9%], loss of strength [83.3%], pain [80%], and weight loss [68.2%]. Active patients reported significantly more frequently fatigue [p = 0.005], sore eyes [p = 0.046], and sleep difficulties [p = 0.001], and reported more symptoms than controls [p = 0.023]. Overall, the patients considered stress [84.1%], altered immunity [69.32%], family problems [49.4%], and emotional status [40.9%] as the main causes of IBD. Work overload was more frequently considered as a disease cause in active patients than in those in remission [p = 0.002]. Smoking, family history, and previous inadequate therapies were considered as a relevant risk factor for illness by only 20% of patients. Active IBD patients had more negative thoughts on prognosis [p = 0.001] and more negative emotions [p < 0.0001]. Patients in remission were significantly more convinced about treatment control [p = 0.007] and had clearer understanding of illness [p = 0.009].

CONCLUSIONS: Illness perception is impaired in IBD patients. Adequate educational and psychological support may be helpful in the optimal management of IBD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-423
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crohn's & colitis
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 30 2019

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Keywords

  • Abdominal Pain/etiology
  • Adult
  • Colitis, Ulcerative/complications
  • Crohn Disease/complications
  • Emotions
  • Eye Diseases/etiology
  • Family Relations/psychology
  • Fatigue/etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Weakness/etiology
  • Perception
  • Prospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology
  • Stress, Psychological/psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Weight Loss
  • Workload/psychology

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