Illness perception, mood and coping strategies in allergic rhinitis: Are there differences among ARIA classes of severity?

Fulvio Braido, Ilaria Baiardini, Nicola Scichilone, Antonino Musarra, Stefania Menoni, Erminia Ridolo, Federica Gani, Valerio Pravettoni, Giselda Colombo, Mariangiola Crivellaro, Gian Enrico Senna, Federica Fumagalli, Oliviero Rossi, Giorgio W. Canonica

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study was designed to assess if illness perception, mood state and coping strategies differ according to allergic rhinitis (AR) persistence and severity. Methods: Illness perception, mood profiles, coping behaviors and rhinitis symptoms were assessed by means of validated tools in patients classified according to ARIA guidelines. Results: Two hundred and thirty-one patients underwent data analysis. No difference in age, sex, socio-economic status, smoking habits was detected comparing patients according to AR severity, duration or 4 ARIA classes. Patients with intermittent AR reported higher scores than those with persistent AR in confusion-bewilderment of POMS; patients with moderate/severe rhinitis had significantly higher scores than those with mild rhinitis in T5SS, Identity and Consequences. No differences were detected in all assessed outcomes in the 4 ARIA classes. Conclusions: The patient's perspective about AR is independent of persistence and severity of symptoms. This may explain why AR remains under-diagnosed and under-treated, even in its most severe forms. Self-management plans should consider the patient's perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-71
Number of pages6
JournalRhinology
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • ARIA
  • Patient reported outcomes
  • Rhinitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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