Image-Guided Thyroid Ablation: Proposal for Standardization of Terminology and Reporting Criteria

G. Mauri, C.M. Pacella, E. Papini, L. Solbiati, S.N. Goldberg, M. Ahmed, L.M. Sconfienza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Image-guided tumor ablation is commonly performed in clinical practice. Trying to standardize terminology and data collection to enable a more reliable comparison among the different studies, in 2003, a document entitled Image-Guided Tumor Ablation: Proposal for Standardization of Terms and Reporting Criteria was published by the International Working Group on Image-Guided Tumor Ablation. Since then, ablations have evolved significantly, with the development of new technology and techniques and applications. This has included benign thyroid nodules, and their ablation has become increasingly accessible, not only among radiologists but also among other specialists involved in thyroid care, including endocrinologists and surgeons. This has resulted in further inhomogeneity in how data are presented and reported among different studies, resulting in a need for standardization to homogenize language and data reporting on the topic. Summary: In February 2018 in Milano, Italy, a meeting involving specialists concerned with minimally invasive treatments of thyroid lesions was organized, and the Italian Working Group on Minimally Invasive Treatments of the Thyroid was founded with the aim of establishing a collaborative network among all clinicians working in this field. The first work of this group is to present a proposal for standardization of terminology and reporting criteria on image-guided ablations to treat benign thyroid nodules. Conclusion: This proposal was drafted with the goal of providing guidance for standardized reporting of results in studies regarding image-guided thyroid ablations. We encourage adoption of this terminology worldwide, anticipating that this will facilitate improved communication and understanding within the field and stimulate further discussion on the topic over the next years. © Copyright 2019, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers 2019.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-618
Number of pages8
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • radiology
  • radiology - treatment
  • thyroid nodules
  • thyrotropin
  • blood examination
  • clinical practice
  • disability
  • energy based ablation
  • follow up
  • free liothyronine index
  • free thyroxine index
  • high intensity focused ultrasound
  • image guided thyroid ablation
  • information processing
  • laser surgery
  • medical specialist
  • microwave thermotherapy
  • minimally invasive procedure
  • nomenclature
  • priority journal
  • procedural pain
  • radiofrequency ablation
  • Review
  • standardization
  • stratification
  • thyroid nodule
  • thyrotropin blood level
  • tumor ablation


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