Background: Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is pivotal for evaluating chronic myocardial infarction (CMI). Concerns about safety of gadolinium-based contrast agents favour dose reduction. We assessed image quality of scar tissue in CMRs performed with different doses of gadobutrol in CMI patients. Methods: Informed consent was waived for this Ethics Committee-approved single-centre retrospective study. Consecutive contrast-enhanced CMRs from CMI patients were retrospectively analysed according to the administered gadobutrol dose (group A, 0.10 mmol/kg; group B, 0.15 mmol/kg; group C, 0.20 mmol/kg). We calculated the signal-to-noise ratio for scar tissue (SNRscar) and contrast-to-noise ratio between scar and either remote myocardium (CNRscar-rem) or blood (CNRscar-blood). Results: Of 79 CMRs from 79 patients, 22 belonged to group A, 26 to group B, and 31 to group C. The groups were homogeneous for age, sex, left ventricular morpho-functional parameters, and percentage of scar tissue over whole myocardium (p ≥ 0.300). SNRscar was lower in group A (46.4; 40.3–65.1) than in group B (70.1; 52.2–111.5) (p = 0.013) and group C (72.1; 59.4–100.0) (p = 0.002), CNRscar-rem was lower in group A (62.9; 52.2–87.4) than in group B (96.5; 73.1–152.8) (p = 0.008) and in group C (103.9; 83.9–132.0) (p = 0.001). No other significant differences were found (p ≥ 0.335). Conclusions: Gadobutrol at 0.10 mmol/kg provides inferior scar image quality of CMI than 0.15 and 0.20 mmol/kg; the last two dosages seem to provide similar LGE. Thus, for CMR of CMI, 0.15 mmol/kg of gadobutrol can be suggested instead of 0.20 mmol/kg, with no hindrance to scar visualisation. Dose reduction would not impact on diagnostic utility of CMR examinations.
- Contrast media
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging