Imaging correlations in non-communicating patients

L. Heine, C. Di Perri, A. Soddu, F. Gomez, Steven Laureys, Athena Demertzi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The diagnosis and medical management of patients with acute or chronic disorders of consciousness (DOC) are challenging. Motor-independent functional neuroimaging technologies are increasingly employed to study covert cognitive processes in the absence of behavioural reports. Studies with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) performed in this patient population have utilized active, passive and resting-state paradigms. Active paradigms refer to mental imagery tasks that measure wilful modulation of brain signal in specific brain areas, aiming to detect command-following. Passive paradigms are used to measure brain responses to external sensory stimulation (e.g. auditory, somatosensory and visual). Alternatively, in resting-state paradigms, spontaneous brain function is assessed while subjects receive no external stimulation and are instructed to let their mind wander. Independently from each other, these methods have shown differences between healthy controls and patients, as well as among patients with DOC. However, these techniques cannot yet be used in clinical settings before robust information at the single-subject level will be provided: it is expected that multimodal research will improve the single-patient diagnosis, shed light on the prognostic biomarkers, and eventually promote the medical management of patients with consciousness alterations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClinical Neurophysiology in Disorders of Consciousness: Brain Function Monitoring in the ICU and Beyond
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Vienna
Pages149-158
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783709116340, 9783709116333
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Heine, L., Di Perri, C., Soddu, A., Gomez, F., Laureys, S., & Demertzi, A. (2015). Imaging correlations in non-communicating patients. In Clinical Neurophysiology in Disorders of Consciousness: Brain Function Monitoring in the ICU and Beyond (pp. 149-158). Springer-Verlag Vienna. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-1634-0_12