A wide range of congenital or acquired conditions, some pretty rare, may affect the vulva and vagina in children. Swelling, visible or palpable masses and abnormal discharges are common symptoms of conditions affecting the vulva and/or the lower genital tract. The majority of these diseases are benign. Ultrasonography is pivotal to elucidate the anatomical origin of these conditions and make the diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging can be relevant to improve diagnostic confidence and, if needed, to plan more accurate surgical treatment. The aim of this pictorial essay is to review the related imaging findings to help make radiologists familiar with these conditions.