Neuropathies about the ankle and foot may be the cause of chronic pain and disability. In most cases, these conditions derive from mechanical or dynamic compression of a segment of a nerve within a narrow osteofibrous tunnel, an opening in a fibrous structure, or a passageway close to a ligament or a muscle. Although the evaluation of nerve disorders primarily relies on neurological examination and electrophysiology, diagnostic imaging is currently used as a complement to help define the site and etiology of nerve compression and exclude other disease possibly underlying the patient' symptoms. In this article, a review of the anatomical and pathological features of nerve entrapments in the distal lower extremity is presented on ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, according to the nerve involved. Thieme Medical Publishers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine