Imaging of primary bone tumors in veterinary medicine: Which differences?

Maïa Vanel, Laurent Blond, Daniel Vanel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Veterinary medicine is most often a mysterious world for the human doctors. However, animals areimportant for human medicine thanks to the numerous biological similarities.Primary bone tumors are not uncommon in veterinary medicine and especially in small domesticanimals as dogs and cats. As in human medicine, osteosarcoma is the most common one and especiallyin the long bones extremities. In the malignant bone tumor family, chondrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma andhemangiosarcoma are following. Benign bone tumors as osteoma, osteochondroma and bone cysts doexist but are rare and of little clinical significance. Diagnostic modalities used depend widely on the owner willing to treat his animal. Radiographs andbone biopsy are the standard to make a diagnosis but CT, nuclear medicine and MRI are more an moreused. As amputation is treatment number one in appendicular bone tumor in veterinary medicine, thisexplains on the one hand why more recent imaging modalities are not always necessary and on the otherhand, that pronostic on large animals is so poor that it is not much studied. Chemotherapy is sometimesassociated with the surgery procedure, depending on the agressivity of the tumor.Although, the strakes differs a lot between veterinary and human medicine, biological behavior arealmost the same and should led to a beneficial team work between all.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2129-2139
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


  • Bone tumor
  • Diagnosis
  • Veterinary medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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