Imaging of vasculitis: State of the art

Francesco Muratore, Nicolò Pipitone, Carlo Salvarani, Wolfgang A. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The increasing availability and improvement of imaging techniques are making a profound impact in the evaluation and management of patients with vasculitis, particularly for those with large vessel vasculitis, and will most likely play an ever more important role in the future. Deep, large vessels can be examined by CT or MRI, while ultrasound is the method of choice for the evaluation of superficial vessels (such as temporal, carotid, and axillary arteries). PET is very sensitive in detecting large vessel inflammation, but it does not delineate the vessel wall. Imaging studies can also be used to monitor the disease course and the development of late vascular complication. This review will focus on the role of imaging studies in diagnosing and monitoring LVV, but will also mention their principal applications in medium and small-sized vessel vasculitis. Indications and limitations of the available imaging modalities will be discussed as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)688-706
Number of pages19
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Rheumatology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016


  • Color duplex ultrasonography
  • Computed tomography
  • Imaging
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Ultrasound
  • Vasculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


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