Imaging techniques in pancreatic tumors

Mirko Donofrio, Anna Gallotti, Roberto Pozzi Mucelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Conventional ultrasonography represents the first diagnostic imaging modality for the study of pancreatic tumors. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound has significantly improved the accuracy of first-line examination and may influence the choice of second-line investigations: multidetector computed tomography is considered the gold standard for studying pancreatic solid lesions and tumor staging, while MRI with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography allows better study of pancreatic cystic lesions and the ductal system. To definitely diagnose a pancreatic lesion, image-guided fine-needle-aspiration or biopsy are very often required. PET with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose, endoscopic ultrasound and intraoperative ultrasonography remain techniques often employed in the third line. This article reviews the imaging techniques generally used for diagnosing the main pancreatic tumors, and a work-up algorithm is finally proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-273
Number of pages17
JournalExpert Review of Medical Devices
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Contrast-enhanced ultrasound
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Fine-needle aspiration
  • Intraoperative ultrasonography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Pancreas
  • Pancreatic cystic tumors
  • Pancreatic solid tumors
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Biomedical Engineering

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