Inhibitors of the enzyme Acyl-CoA: Cholesterol Acyltransferase are regarded as potentially useful agents in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis. We report here a novel series of 2, 6-disubstituted-3-imidazolylbenzopyrane derivatives with significant in vitro ACAT inhibitory activity (IC50 range 0.05-0.5 μM). Compounds of this series such as 26 are examples of a new, structurally distinct class of potent ACAT inhibitors with high specificity for the aortic subtype of the enzyme. The structure-activity relationships of the 3-imidazolylbenzopyrane ACAT inhibitors were investigated by systematic manipulation of two regions of the parent compound 1 and the inhibitory activity resulted linked to the substituent in position 6 of the benzopyrane ring and modulated by the size of lipophilic substituents in position 2. Investigation of the mechanism of the inhibitory effect leads to the conclusion that these compounds act in a non-competitive fashion.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
- Cholesterol Acyltransferase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery
- Molecular Medicine