Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis is the first choice procedure for the treatment of ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis. The introduction of the stapled technique has shortened the duration of the procedure and reduced the complication rates. Data on 335 consecutive patients undergoing ileal pouch anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis (277 pts), Indeterminate colitis (20 pts) and familial adenomatous polyposis (38 pts) between 1984 and 1998 were prospectively collected. Parameters evaluated included diagnosis, surgical technique, functional outcome, early and late complications and their management and results. Twenty-nine patients (8.6%) presented with pelvic sepsis. Twelve patients (3.5%) experienced late perianal fistulas. The pouch failure rate was 3.4%. Six patients required a re-do pouch procedure, with 75.9% preservation of sphincter function. No correlation was found between complication rates and diagnosis. The mean number of stools was 5.2/24 h. The study confirmed the safety and effectiveness of the procedure. In particular, morbidity rates are comparable to those of major abdominal procedures and the long-term functional results are satisfactory. However, a number of technical aspects, such as the anastomosis technique, the need for temporary ileostomy and the treatment of indeterminate colitis, still remain controversial.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - May 2000|
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