Immediate implants at fresh extraction sockets: An experimental study in the beagle dog comparing four different implant systems. Soft tissue findings

Massimo De Sanctis, Fabio Vignoletti, Nicola Discepoli, Fernando Muñoz, Mariano Sanz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate whether different implants placed immediately upon tooth extraction may affect the dimension and composition of the peri-implant soft tissues. Material and Methods: Eight beagle dogs received implants randomly installed into the distal socket of 3P3 and 4P4. Four commercially available implant systems were evaluated: 3i Osseotite Certain straight; Astra MicroThread-OsseoSpeed; Thommen SPI Element®; and Straumann ITI standard. Each animal provided four test implant sites. All animals were sacrificed 6 weeks after implant placement, providing specimens for the evaluation of the soft tissue dimensions by histometric analysis. Results: The biological width at 6 weeks after implant placement consisted of a junctional epithelium measuring between 2 and 2.7 mm and a connective tissue component between 1 and 1.8 mm with no statistical differences among the four implant systems. Conclusion: This study failed to demonstrate differences in the soft tissue healing outcome when placing four different implant systems into fresh extraction sockets. Nevertheless, the length of the epithelium achieved with the four implant systems is longer than what has been reported when placing implants in healed-ridge experimental models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-776
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume37
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

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Keywords

  • Biological width
  • fresh extraction socket
  • implant surface
  • soft tissue barrier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics
  • Medicine(all)

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